The lockdown imposed in the year 2020 in India due to the outbreak of the covid-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the nutritional health of Indian women. It has caused lots of disruptions in the health of the people in India.
According to a study done by Springer, women’s diversity was reflected out there. It says that the amount of food consumed declined a lot in 2020 than that of 2019. The concern had risen due to the decrease in nutritious food such as eggs, meat, fruits, and vegetables by women in India. These food items are rich in micronutrients that are crucial for good health and development.
The lockdown in the year 2020 in India has caused various disruptions in the supply chain of agricultural produce. However, the food value chain and their allied activities were exempted from the lockdown. Despite that, there was a decrease in the number of food groups consumed compared to the year 2019.
It was seen that the Anganwadi centers were closed during the lockdown, which had increased the burden more on Indian women during that period. Those centers that provide rations that can be taken to the home and hot cooked meals to the nursing and expecting mothers are considered an essential source of Women’s Nutrition.
A study conducted found disruptions in the supply of agricultural products supply chain at the time of lockdown. It led to price fluctuations of those products and subsequently increased the price of those products. According to another survey, about 90 percent of the respondents reported having less food in the lockdown period than regular days.
There was a significant drop in the expenditure on food items at that time, mainly due to the decrease in the purchase of nutritious food items such as meat, fish, eggs, and things such as dry fruits, etc. There was a significant decrease in the intake of healthy food.
A study also reflected differences based on gender in food allocation in India and across the world. These differences were found in income, bargaining power, social status, interpersonal relationships, etc. The reduction of nutritious food intake by the women can pose a threat of malnutrition for them and their children.
The policymakers should analyze the disruption in the food supply and other inappropriate impacts of the supply of food in the Covid-19 pandemic. The researchers have recommended various market-oriented reforms, including removing rules that limit the movement of the products from the markets to other places crossing the state boundaries. They also suggested investment in infrastructures such as the refrigerated supply chain and investment in commercializing small firms in India.