Keeping the goal of medical nutrition therapy to treat Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a great way to include the regulations of the amount of carbohydrate, cholesterol level, and the consumption of salt which helps to optimize the glycemic control, lipids, and blood control level as well. Specific rules are there which you can use to control the blood glucose levels in diabetics patients.
Effective rules to help control blood glucose in diabetes:
Dr. Vishal Gupta, who is the director of VG Advantage diabetes thyroid and endocrine center of Mumbai, claimed that the lifestyle intervention could only do as much as possible or as much as is required.
- Monitor intake of calories daily:
It is highly recommended for diabetic patients to monitor their calorie intake regularly. The aim is to maintain body weight by the consultation of an average of 1200 to 1500 kcal per day for women.
It is suggested to have around 1500 to 1800 kcal for men for the average weighted diabetic with the body mass index around 18 to 23kg/m2. Dr. Gupta, who is the author of Beyond Type diabetes Mellitus said that to lose weight, one must intake calories around 500 to 750 energy deficit dietary plan.
- Monitor the consumption of daily carbohydrates:
It is essential to maintain the consumption level of carbohydrates. It would help if you focused on carbohydrates from vegetables, legumes, fruits, dairy products, and whole grains. Make sure to encourage diabetic patients to avoid the consumption of carbohydrates in maximum amounts.
Strongly discourage the patient from consuming refined or processed carbohydrates like white flour, white rice, and other food products with a high amount of refined grains. Make sure to avoid intake of sugar and sweet beverages like soft drinks.
- Monitor the quality of carbohydrates
It is essential to intake carbohydrates with fibers and proteins. It is recommended to have low glycemic Index food for diabetic patients. If the glycemic index level is higher, then it will have the more remarkable ability to raise the patient’s blood glucose levels.
Diabetes is most common in old age people. It is the amount of nutrition and avoiding certain foods to control blood glucose levels. Lifestyle intervention can do as much as the patients require for effective medical therapies to optimize the risk factors to control diabetes.